Broadband Wireless Access

Potential for mobile WiMAX & alternative BWA technologies

  • IEEE 802.16
  • WiMAX
  • IEEE 802.20
  • FLASH OFDM
  • iBurst
  • HSDPA
  • UMTS TDD


Table of Contents

Published September 2006. 130 Pages

1. Technology overview

1.1 IEEE 802.16 standards and WiMAX

• Compatibility and interoperabilityissues: a shift to mobile WiMAX

• WiMAX performances and applications

• WiMAX ecosystem

• WiBro and Mobile WiMAX: what’s the difference?

• WiBro’s first commercial launch: KT Telecom

• WiMAX and BWA Markets: equipment and services

• WiMAX equipment manufacturers

• WiMAX’s weaknesses


1.2 IEEE 802.20 standard and proprietary solutions

• Description of IEEE 802.20 standard

• Applications

• 802.20 Ecosystem

• Qualcomm/Flarion Technologies' FLASH OFDM solution

• ArrayComm's iBurst solution

• FLASH-OFDM & iBurst’s weaknesses


1.3 3G Mobile technologies

• WCDMA family of technologies

• UMTS TDD (Time Division Duplexing) solutions

• UMTS TDD’s weaknesses

• TD-SCDMA (Time Division – Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access)

• CDMA2000 1x EV-DO and EV-DV

• Beyond 3G (B3G) – LTE (Long Term Evolution)

• New technologies


2. Spectrum issues


2.1 International background

• Frequency bands usage

• Secondary spectrum market


2.2 Frequency bands used by cellular systems

• 450 MHz band

• 3G frequency bands

• 3G spectrum cost


2.3 Frequency bands used by WiMAX and WiBro systems

• 2.3 – 2.5 GHz band Vs 3.5 GHz band

• Mobility in the 3.5 GHz frequency band

• Opportunistic approaches: rush for spectrum far from over

• Non-cellular BWA spectrum costs


2.4 New systems’ frequency bands

• The 2.5-2.69 GHz frequency band

• Broadcast frequencies re-allocated to cellular: the digital dividend

• The 4G question


2.5 Unlicensed frequency bands


2.6 Issues concerning certain specific frequency bands


3. Market opportunities


3.1 3G, WiMAX and alternative BWA technologies

• Comparison of the technologies’ performances

• Complementary solutions


3.2 3G/BWA: Complementarity for Mobile Networks Operators

• Complementarity of 3G and WiMAX service proposals

• Overlay of cellular (2G/3G) site with BWA technologies: wireless data networks

• 3G/BWA adoption: Mobile carriers’ strategy for evolving to Next Generation Mobile Networks

• WiMAX as a backhaul solution for mobile networks

• Incentives for mobile operators to deploy alternative BWA technologies


3.3 Complementarity of alternative BWA technologies for Fixed Network Operators

• Situation in developed countries

• Entering the mobility market

• WiMAX as a cost-saving solution to provide last mile access

• Backhaul

• Use of alternative BWA technologies for rural areas and emerging countries


3.4 BWA technologies: Competition scenarios

• Pure BWA operators

• Broadcasters entering the WISP market

• Landline substitution

• Cost and complexity: most operators cannot afford several broadband wireless networks


Supplier Profiles

Each firm is analyzed by:Turnover, Workforce, Structure, Main Shareholders, Involvement in Standardization, Product Roadmap, Chip partner, Partners & OEM, Customers

- Airspan

- Alvarion

- Aperto Networks

- Arraycom

- IPWireless

- Motorola

- Qualcomm / Flarion

- Redline Communications

- Samsung


Operator Case Studies

WiMAx ecosystem

Altitude Telecom

Clearwire

Korea Telecom

Sprint / Nextel

Yozan

Woosh Wireless


Alternative BWA technologies

Airdata

Digita

Personal Broadband Australia

Sentech (South Africa)

T-Mobile Slovakia

Vodafone



List of Tables

  • Table 1: Brief description of main technologies covered in the report ....... 13
  • Table 2: WiMAx Forum certification profiles based on 802.16-2004 ....... 14
  • Table 3: WiMAx Forum certification profiles based on 802.16-2005 (MTG) ...... 15
  • Table 4: 802.16 standards............... 16
  • Table 5: Fixed and mobile WiMAX physical layer variants ......... 17
  • Table 6: fixed WiMAX performances ............. 18
  • Table 7: 802.16 standard performances ............ 19
  • Table 8: Intel investments in telecom carriers ........... 23
  • Table 9: 802.16e and WiBro’s properties ............ 25
  • Table 10: WiBro investments by Korean operators (USD million) ....... 26
  • Table 11: KT promotional WiBro pricing............ 27
  • Table 12: KT regular WiBro pricing ............. 28
  • Table 13: SK HSDPA pricing............... 28
  • Table 14 : Mobile access infrastructure market by geography (2004-2009) ...... 29
  • Table 15: WiMAx Forum certified products as of June 2006 (802.16-2004 standard).... 38
  • Table 16: Trends in WiMAX CPE prices ............ 40
  • Table 17: Spectrum used for selected WiMAX initiatives......... 41
  • Table 18: 802.20 main features planned by IEEE........... 43
  • Table 19: 802.16e, 802.20 and 3G characteristics .......... 44
  • Table 20: FLASH-OFDM commercial roll outs in Europe – 450 MHz band ...... 49
  • Table 21: iBurst Air Interface specifications ............ 51
  • Table 22: Kyocera's iBurst base station specifications .......... 52
  • Table 23: Kyocera iBurst subscriber devices ........... 52
  • Table 24: Use of iBurst technology ............. 53
  • Table 25: Overview of the various 3G mobile technologies ......... 55
  • Table 26: Mobile operators owning UMTS TDD spectrum in the five main mobile markets in Europe 61
  • Table 27: Main UMTS TDD deployments worldwide .......... 62
  • Table 28: CDMA 2000 peak data rates ............. 66
  • Table 29: Frequency bands currently used by cellular systems ........ 71
  • Table 30: Comparison of the use of cellular/BWA frequency bands....... 72
  • Table 31: Introduction of the secondary spectrum market in Western Europe ..... 73
  • Table 32: Use of CDMA2000 technology in Europe – 450 MHz band ....... 75
  • Table 33: Use of FLASH-OFDM technology in Europe – 450 MHz band ...... 76
  • Table 34: Korean mobile operators’ spectrum assets.......... 78
  • Table 35: Description of AWS spectrum put up for auction ......... 79
  • Table 36: Top 10 AWS bidders by net winning bids .......... 79
  • Table 37: AWS auctions bids and amount ............ 80
  • Table 38: Comparison of the number of radio sites needed to cover an area of 10,000 km².. 80
  • Table 39: Price per UMTS license in selected countries in Western Europe..... 81
  • Table 40: Outlook for WiMAX spectrum ............ 83
  • Table 41: Price of fixed BWA licenses in selected countries ........ 84
  • Table 42: Analogue switch-off in selected countries .......... 86
  • Table 43: Comparison of use of the 2.4, 3.5 and 5.8 GHz frequency bands ..... 87
  • Table 44: Status of frequency bands for mobile systems in Europe ....... 88
  • Table 45: 3G and Mobile WiMAX service offerings.......... 92
  • Table 46: Building of a consensus on Next Generation Mobile Networks ...... 94
  • Table 47: Impact of Sprint’s decision on the WiMAX ecosystem ........ 97
  • Table 48: Data transfer speeds .............. 98
  • Table 49: T-Mobile Slovakia’s Flash-OFDM service tariffs ......... 99
  • Table 50: Pricing for Optus’s iBurst corporate service ......... 101
  • Table 51: Woosh Wireless's business offers........... 102
  • Table 52: WiMAX distance vs. capacity results........... 103
  • Table 53: ROI comparison T1/ WiMAX ............ 103
  • Table 54: A selection of wireline telcos’ WiMAX initiatives targeting DSL grey zones ... 104
  • Table 55: FLASH-OFDM commercial rollouts in Europe – 450 MHz band ...... 105
  • Table 56: Sentech MyWireless flexi bundled service plan ......... 106
  • Table 57: Late 2004, Clearwire's pricing schemes for residential users in Jacksonville , FL .. 109
  • Table 58: Mid 2006, Clearwire's pricing schemes for residential users in Jacksonville , FL.. 109
  • Table 59: Late 2004, BellSouth's DSL access prices for residential users ...... 109
  • Table 60: Mid 2006, BellSouth's DSL access prices for residential users ...... 109
  • Table 61: Mid-2006, Clearwire's pricing policy for residential users in Brussels, Belgium ... 110
  • Table 62: Altitude Telecom’s first deployments........... 112
  • Table 63: Data transfer speeds .............. 115
  • Table 64: The Yozan network’s key system parameters ......... 117

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Fixed and mobile WiMAx standards........... 15
  • Figure 2: WiMAx frequencies .............. 18
  • Figure 3: Overview of possible fixed WiMAX applications ......... 20
  • Figure 4: WiMAx triple play bundle............. 21
  • Figure 5: WiMAX Forum positioning............. 22
  • Figure 6: WiMAX ecosystem selected actors........... 24
  • Figure 7: Number of subscribers of some BWA and WiMAx operators (Mid 2006).... 30
  • Figure 8: Some BWA and WiMAx deployments in Europe (Mid 2006) ....... 30
  • Figure 9: BWA Revenue by type of market for the year 2005........ 31
  • Figure 10: Fixed WiMAX product roadmap ............ 39
  • Figure 11: Mobile WiMAX product roadmap ............ 40
  • Figure 12: Forecast changes in the price of WiMAX equipment ........ 41
  • Figure 13: Flarion's FLASH OFDM system ............ 46
  • Figure 14: Flarion's FLASH-OFDM Data Cards ........... 48
  • Figure 15: Qualcomm Flarion's prototype handset .......... 48
  • Figure 16: IntelliCell’s Adaptive Antenna Technology .......... 49
  • Figure 17: ArrayComm's iBurst system ............. 50
  • Figure 18: GSM operator evolution path to 3G ........... 56
  • Figure 19: UMTS Network Architecture............. 57
  • Figure 20: WCDMA Evolution .............. 58
  • Figure 21: IPWireless UMTS TDD product portfolio .......... 59
  • Figure 22: Members of the UMTS TDD alliance (August 2006)........ 60
  • Figure 23: CDMA2000 1xEV-DO network architecture .......... 65
  • Figure 24: Migration of the core network of UMTS systems ......... 67
  • Figure 25: ITU-R timeline for 4G evolution............ 69
  • Figure 26: NTT DoCoMo and mobile 4G............ 70
  • Figure 27: Frequency bands used for mobile services worldwide ....... 76
  • Figure 28: Frequency bands for terrestrial IMT-2000.......... 77
  • Figure 29: Main factors determining BWA technologies’ adoption....... 89
  • Figure 30: Wireless technology complementarity ........... 91
  • Figure 31: Total ARPU for Western Europe ............ 93
  • Figure 32: Data revenues in Western Europe ........... 93
  • Figure 33: Path to a next generation mobile network.......... 94
  • Figure 34: Sprint positioning in the US telecom industry ......... 95
  • Figure 35 : WiMAX providing last mile access ........... 100
  • Figure 36: August 2004 coverage of Clearwire’s service in Jacksonville, FL ..... 108
  • Figure 37: Mid-2006 coverage of Clearwire’s service in Jacksonville, FL ...... 108
  • Figure 38: The Yozan network’s simplified architecture......... 116
  • Figure 39: Scheduled coverage map for AIRDATA’s PortableDSL service ..... 118
  • Figure 40: AIRDATA PortableDSL price plans........... 118



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